Question: Can you explain to me what is difference between environmental health, health care administration, and health information management? Also the salary they make each year and which is the best degree are hire more? ~ Laura P.
Answer: Thank you for your follow-up question to our “What is the Difference Between Healthcare Management and Healthcare Administration?” post. Here is some information about each of the occupations you asked about. You will want to do some additional research on each of these career fields as there are a number of occupational paths that can be followed in each. You will also want to make sure that your interests, skills and other personal attributes align with the path you eventually choose. (Check out our Getting to Know You series which explores various aspects of self-assessment, an important, but often neglected step of career decision making.)
According to ExploreHealthCareers.org, environmental health professionals work to improve public health by identifying, tracking and addressing environmental risk factors. Most environmental health professionals specialize in a particular area, such as: Reducing air, water, soil, noise or radiation pollution; protecting our food supply; improving safety in schools, public areas and the workplace; ensuring safe living conditions in housing; promoting public health with a focus on environmental hazards. Jobs are available in government health agencies at the local, state and national levels, private industry, academic institutions, and international health agencies.
Salaries can range quite a lot, depending on the type of work that you would be doing, your educational background, credential and experience level: $44,550 – $143,700 (source)
Education options will tend to be found in the schools of Public Health within a university. For more information, see the Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH).
Health Care Administration
Health administrators are typically leaders who oversee the operations at health facilities, such as hospitals, health services, nursing homes, physician group practices, and other similar health organizations. Jobs can be found in both the public and private sectors. Health administrators rarely, if ever, deal directly with patients; their role is to help oversee and implement policies, and run the business aspects of health care services.
Salaries can range quite a lot, depending on the type of work that you would be doing, your educational background, credential and experience level: $40,000 – $110,000 (source)
Education options are typically found in Healthcare Management Programs. For more information see the Association of University Programs in Health Administration (AUPHA).
Health Information Management
According to Health Information Careers, health information professionals care for patients by caring for their medical data. They ensure that all of a patient’s health information is complete, accurate, and protected, yet readily available for healthcare providers when needed. There are three professional and academic areas of health information that you can pursue: Health Information Management, Health Information Technology, and Health Informatics. At present, job prospects look good for this field with demand on the rise. Job titles include medical records management, privacy officer, risk management, medical coding, corporate compliance, and data analysis and reporting.
Salaries can range quite a lot, depending on the type of work that you would be doing, your educational background, credential and experience level: $31,502 – $125,609 (source)
Education options will tend to be in either Health Information Management (HIM), Health Information Technology (HIT), or Health Informatics (HI). For more information see the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA) and Health Information Careers.
For further information about careers in health care, I found that the ExploreHealthCareers.org website is quite helpful.